axon reaction

axon reaction
축삭반응

English-Korean animal medical dictionary. 2013.

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  • axon reaction — axonal reaction the neurodegeneration seen in a neuron following the severing of its axon, including central chromatolysis with displacement of the nucleus; called also axonal, Nissl, or retrograde degeneration …   Medical dictionary

  • Axon hillock — Hillock redirects here. A hillock is also a small hill. The axon hillock is the anatomical part of a neuron that connects the cell body (the soma) to the axon. It is described as the location where the summation of inhibitory postsynaptic… …   Wikipedia

  • Caridoid escape reaction — The Caridoid Escape Reaction, also known as lobstering or tail flipping, refers to an innate escape mechanism in marine and freshwater crustaceans such as lobsters , krill, shrimp, and crayfish. It has been most extensively researched in crayfish …   Wikipedia

  • chromatolysis — The disintegration of the granules of chromophil substance (Nissl bodies) in a nerve cell body that may occur after exhaustion of the cell or damage to its peripheral process; other changes considered part …   Medical dictionary

  • nervous system — Anat., Zool. 1. the system of nerves and nerve centers in an animal or human, including the brain, spinal cord, nerves, and ganglia. 2. a particular part of this system. Cf. autonomic nervous system, central nervous system, peripheral nervous… …   Universalium

  • nervous system, human — ▪ anatomy Introduction       system that conducts stimuli from sensory receptors to the brain and spinal cord and that conducts impulses back to other parts of the body. As with other higher vertebrates, the human nervous system has two main… …   Universalium

  • photoreception — photoreceptive, adj. /foh toh ri sep sheuhn/, n. the physiological perception of light. [1905 10; PHOTO + RECEPTION] * * * Biological responses to stimulation by light, most often referring to the mechanism of vision. In one celled organisms such …   Universalium

  • muscle — muscleless, adj. muscly, adj. /mus euhl/, n., v., muscled, muscling, adj. n. 1. a tissue composed of cells or fibers, the contraction of which produces movement in the body. 2. an organ, composed of muscle tissue, that contracts to produce a… …   Universalium

  • Reflex — A reaction that is involuntary. The corneal reflex is the blink that occurs with irritation of the eye. The nasal reflex is a sneeze. * * * 1. An involuntary reaction in response to a stimulus applied to the periphery and transmitted to the… …   Medical dictionary

  • nervous system disease — Introduction       any of the diseases or disorders that affect the functioning of the human nervous system (nervous system, human). Everything that humans sense, consider, and effect and all the unlearned reflexes of the body depend on the… …   Universalium

  • Cell — The basic structural and functional unit in people and all living things. Each cell is a small container of chemicals and water wrapped in a membrane. Each cell in the human body there are 100 trillion cells in each of us contains the entire… …   Medical dictionary

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